Research Article NeBIO I Vol.9(1) 2018 Pages 18-27

Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim

Bishnu Kumar Sharma, Musadiq Hussain Bhat, Mufida Fayaz, Amit Kumar and Ashok Kumar Jain


ABSTRACT

Out of 30 species recorded from Sikkim, only 3 species (10%) under 2 genera are monopodial type and 27 (90%) species under 8 genera are sympodial type. About 25 species were found in tropical (0-900m), followed by 17 species in subtropical (900-1800m), 8 species in temperate (1800-2700m), 6 species in sub-alpine forests (2700-3500m) and only 3 species in alpine forests (3500-4500m). Sixteen species (53.33%) have been described as wild, nine (30%) as cultivated and five species (16.66%) as both cultivated and wild. The survey revealed that some species are edible, and a good number of species are used for construction, flooring, fencing and for many agriculture purposes. Most commonly used bamboo species are Bambusa nutans, Sinarundinaria hookeriana and Dendrocalamus sikkimensis.

KEYWORDS: Bamboo, culm, Dendrocalamus, North-east, Sikkim, sympodial.

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NeBIO 9(1): Sharma et al