Isolation of cellulolytic fungi from the litter of Phyllostachys bambusoides from Ziro Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya
Tapi Taka, Tonlong Wangpan, Luk Bahadur Chetry, Phongam Tesia, Jentu Giba and Sumpam Tangjang
Several substrates present in nature, such as leaf litter, compost soil, decayed wood and lignocellulosic waste helps in the growth of fungi. Cellulose, considered the most abundant biomass is considered to have the extremely great potential to be used as bioenergy. In this study, an attempt was made to isolate the cellulolytic fungi from the leaf litter of Phyllostachys bambusoides Siebold & Zucc. from Ziro valley, Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India. Leaf litter of P. bambusoides were collected from the bamboo groves and fungi was isolated, identified and screened for cellulolytic activity following standard methodology. A total of nine fungal species belonging to five genera were isolated of which Aspergillus flavus was the most dominant one while Curvularia sp. showed the highest amount of cellulolytic activity.
KEYWORDS: Litter degradation, micro-fungi, cellulose, cellulase.