Bamboo flowering and its socio-economic impacts on rural communities: a case study
Mukta Chandra Das, Arun Jyoti Nath and Ashesh Kumar Das
Bamboo is one of the most important natural resources with multiple applications. Periodic flowering cycle in bamboo is a major threat in socio-economic as well as their natural habitat. People in Northeast India and elsewhere in the world believe that bamboo flowering is the indication of famishment. In more recent history, in the early 1960s there was a coincidence of large-scale bamboo flowering and a severe famine in Northeast India. Impact of bamboo flowering has been done. The study of socioeconomic impact of bamboo flowering is rare. Therefore, we took the opportunity of gregarious flowering and dieback event of Schizostachyum dullooa one of the economically priority bamboo species to study the impact of “dolu” bamboo flowering on socioeconomic conditions of the locality. To study the socio-economic impacts of bamboo flowering standard questionnaire were prepared and the interrogation were done in the selected study sites. From the study it was found that scarcity of bamboo resources were observed after the flowering event. Due to flowering and die-off event affects negatively in crafts production which leads an economic crisis among the crafts man families. The phenomenon of outbreak of rodent population which is synchronous with flowering of bamboo was reported from different parts of the country. Present study depicts no outbreak of rodent population after or during flowering periods in the study sites.
KEY WORDS: Bamboo flowering, Socio economic impacts, Culms, Schizostachyum dullooa.