A case study of Greater One Horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Kaziranga National Park of Assam, India
Kanchan Puri and Ritesh Joshi
The greater one-horned rhino or Indian rhino were once abundant in alluvial plains of India. But due to uncontrolled poaching, degradation and loss of available habitats, rhino populations are threatened. As per the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018, this species is in Vulnerable category. Out of the all conservation measures taken by the government and NGOs, the captive breeding programmes were proved to be the most successful in Indian rhinos. In Kaziranga National Park, Assam due to extensive conservation measures, the population of rhinos has reached around 70%. The present note highlights the major threats against the sustenance of rhinos and conservation measures made by various government/ non-government organizations at international and national level.
KEYWORDS: Poaching, habitat, captive breeding, Kaziranga National Park, Assam.